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双语二战爆发后美国民众的生活发生的变化关键

发布时间:2019-09-14 13:51:36 阅读: 来源:三角龙骨厂家

双语:二战爆发后美国民众的生活发生的变化

After the December 7, 1941, Japanese attack on the American naval fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the U.S. was thrust into World War II (1939-45), and everyday life across the country was dramatically altered. Food, gas and clothing were rationed. Communities conducted scrap metal drives. To help build the armaments necessary to win the war, women found employment as electricians, welders and riveters in defense plants. Japanese Americans had their rights as citizens stripped from them. People in the U.S. grew increasingly dependent on radio reports for news of the fighting overseas. And, while popular entertainment served to demonize the nation's enemies, it also was viewed as an escapist outlet that allowed Americans brief respites from war worries.

1941年12月7日,日本偷袭美国在珍珠港的舰队后,美国卷入了二战,美国本土民众的生活也发生了巨大的变化。食物、汽油和衣服实行限量配给。很多社会团体号召美国人收集小金属片用来制造武器。妇女在兵工厂从事电子、焊接和打铆等生产劳动。日籍美国人被剥夺了公民权益。美国人越来越关注电台新闻,他们时刻留意海外战事情况,连公众娱乐活动也被赋予了鼓舞士气和缓解战争焦虑的功能。

During World War II, some 350,000 women served in the U.S. Armed Forces, both at home and abroad. They included the Women's Airforce Service Pilots, who on March 10, 2010, were awarded the prestigious Congressional Gold Medal. Meanwhile, widespread male enlistment left gaping holes in the industrial labor force. Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased from 27 percent to nearly 37 percent, and by 1945 nearly one out of every four married women worked outside the home.

二战期间,大约35万名美国妇女在国内外的武装部队中服役,包括许多女性空军飞行员(2010年被授予国会金质勋章)。大量男性美国公民应征入伍,也使美国工业生产岗位出现很大的劳力缺口。1940年到1945年,妇女在美国劳动大军中所占的比例从27%上升到了近37%,到1945年,每四个已婚妇女就有一个外出工作,美国妇女为赢得二战功不可没。

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